You can live only
3 hours without shelter;
3 days without water;
3 weeks without food.Need Could Arise Anytime
Your personal “emergency” could find you at any time. Thinking through and preparing for all possibilities could put you in a much better position.
Christmas morning, a Sister woke to find she had no water in her home. A pipe had broken in the night and she was without. Concerned mainly with the need to hydrate her body and create a meal for her family, she overlooked that the treated water in the pool next door could at least be used to flush the toilets or wash her body. Who thinks clearly when unprepared for an emergency?How Much is Needed?
The average human has the need to intake at least 2 quarts (half gallon) of water per day; expectant or nursing mothers, children, and the sick have need of more. The Department of Defense and the Office of Civil Defense recommend “that a gallon of water per day per person be stored for food preparation and drinking… An additional one-half to 1 gallon per day is recommended for bathing and hygiene, and to wash dishes.” I’d just like to ask, “What kind of bathing will you be doing with just a half-gallon a day; and what about toilet flushing? Shouldn’t that be considered when thinking of hygiene?”
FEMA suggests that you have at least two weeks of water storage on hand. Other survival experts suggest you have at least a month’s worth stored for emergencies.
How does this break down for you?
Storing for only you? 28+ gallons
Family of 2 = 56+ gallons
Family of 3 = 84+ gallons
Family of 5 = 140+ gallons
Remember to store enough water for your pets.In What Do I Store?
Only store in clean, sturdy, FOOD GRADE plastic; small containers marked PETE, or larger containers like water barrels and drums or containers stamped HDPE and coded with the recycle symbol and the number 2.
Optimally, it’s best to store in a container that prohibits light penetration, inhibiting the growth of bacteria. It’s better however, to have some kind of storage rather than putting it off. Don’t wait, start storing today.
Soda bottles and Fruit juice bottles, washed thoroughly can be stored in a dark area, where if they were to leak damage wouldn’t occur, are a great way to start. Avoid the use of milk jugs; they are far more susceptible to bacterial growth and the plastic breaks down much more quickly.
While filling containers you have available now, set a goal to obtain your container(s) of choice. Five gallon jugs (blue) are portable (40 lbs. full). Boxed water bags and Water Bricks stack well. Blue water barrels can be purchased most commonly in five, thirty, and fifty-five gallon sizes. In an internet search you may find barrels that hold as much as 250 gallons.
If storing in barrels be certain to have on hand a bung wrench, and a syphon pump and hose or like tools able to grant you access to your stored water.
Chlorine is corrosive to most metals. Stainless steel can be used to store only water which has not been or will not be treated with chlorine.Where Do I Store?
Store water in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight and direct heat; Store away from fuels and chemicals.
If you must store your water outside, leave at least 10% of your container empty for expansion when the water freezes.
Do not place your plastic storage containers directly on concrete. Store your water on a wooden pallet or on shelving. If you must store your water on a cement floor, place it on a piece of cardboard, carpet, or plywood.Treatment
If you’re filling your containers with treated “city” water, there’s no need to further disinfect your water. If you’re on untreated city or well water, you’ll need to pre-treat your water before storing. The American Red Cross and FEMA recommend this method:Add six drops (1/8 teaspoon) of unscented bleach (containing 5.25 percent hypochlorite) per gallon of water. Stir and let stand for 30 minutes. If the water does not taste and smell of chlorine after 30 minutes, add another dose of 1/8 teaspoon and let stand another 15 minutes. Seal the containers and label with contents and date of preparation. Rotation
Stored water from the tap should be rotated every 6 months.
Bottled water purchased at the grocery store should be rotated once a year. Check the date on the container.
Rotate self-serve water processed with ozonation, once a year.
One Brother, changes the batteries in the smoke detectors, the food in his families’ 72 kits, and their water storage each time General Conference rolls around. How will you remember to rotate yours?
Water being rotated out of storage could be used to water the garden, clean the car, or could be used in practice. Use your stored water for your daily needs. This will assure that you’ve stored enough water to sustain your family.But I’m not ready…
Disaster strikes and you don’t have enough water stored on hand. – Turn off the electric or gas to your hot water heater, turn off the water intake valve, drain and catch the water from the drain spout at the bottom. Boil/Filter and chlorinate (see treatment) this water for use. Wait 30 minutes before using.
This is a two part process. Boiling or Filtering (should filter to one micron or less) destroys parasites such as giardia and cryptosporidium, but won’t rid the water of possible viruses and bacteria. While chlorine takes care of the viruses and bacteria, it won’t rid the water of these parasites.
Distilling water can clean salt and other impurities from your water. Tie a cup to the lid of a pot by the handle, so that when the lid is turned upside down the cup hangs right side up. (Don’t hang the cup in the water.) Place the lid wrong side up over your pot of water and boil for 20 minutes. The water that runs off of the pot lid and drips into the cup is distilled, leaving the impurities in the water at the bottom of the pot.Little Extra
Tastes a bit off? Re-oxygenate your stored or boiled water by pouring it back and forth between two clean containers.